Parts of a Plant

UseCase: A plant comprises roots, a stem, leaves, flowers and fruit.The region on a plant from which a new bud or branch originates is termed as a node and the distance between two buds is termed as internode.


Usecase: Budding is a type of asexual mode of reproduction in which a new organism develops as a bud on the body of an existing organism (parent).The new organism detaches itself from the body of the parent only when it is capable of surviving as an individual on its own.


UseCase: Chloroplasts are specialized organelles found in green plant cells and algal cells. Chloroplasts contain chlorophyll and act as sites of photosynthesis.


UseCase: In plants, a flower is the structure responsible for sexual reproduction. The main parts of a flower are: sepals, petals, stamen, pistil and receptacle.


UseCase: Fine lines present on the surface of a leaf are leaf veins. The pattern of arrangement of veins on the leaf is called venation.It can be of two types, namely, reticulate venation and parallel venation.

Section of a Leaf

UseCase: A leaf is comprised of the upper epidermis, palisade mesophyll cells, spongy mesophyll cells, and the lower epidermis.The lower epidermis contains many minute pores for gaseous exchange called stomata. Both the upper and the lower epidermis are covered with a waxy coating cuticle that helps in reducing water loss through leaves.

Structure of a Leaf

UseCase: A leaf is the structure responsible for photosynthesis in plants. The main parts of a leaf are the blade, petiole, midrib, vein and small netted vein.

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